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25% of school-aged children have vision problems. 


Child receiving an Eye ExamEye exams at an early age are crucial because children are more responsive to treatment and corrections if the problems are diagnosed early. From infant stage to school-age a pediatrician, family doctor, optometrist, ophthalmologist, or another trained health professional will perform tests and vision screening. If a problem is detected the child will be referred to an optometrist or ophthalmologist.

The optometrist or ophthalmologist are trained to treat misaligned eyes (strabismus), lazy eye ( amblyopia), and refractive errors. If glasses or contacts are needed, children should have a complete eye exam annually.

Be sure to tell your eye doctor if your child has or displays any of the following:

  • A history of prematurity
  • Delayed motor development
  • Frequent eye rubbing
  • Excessive blinking
  • Failure to maintain eye contact
  • Inability to maintain a gaze (fixation) while looking at objects
  • Poor eye tracking skills

AlsoToddler being treated by a Pediatric Ophthalmologist, be sure to inform your eye doctor about any family history of eye problems requiring vision correction, such as nearsightedness or farsightedness (refractive errors,) lazy eye (strabismus/amblyopia,) or eye diseases. A commonly reported concern is of children sitting too close to the television, squinting, and head-turning to the side to see clearly. Your child should be seen by an ophthalmologist or optometrist prior to entering school, or if you notice any vision problems.

Dilated eye exams at Middlesex Eye Physicians will include case history, vision testing, depth perception testing, color vision testing, determination of whether eyeglasses are needed, testing of the eye alignment, and eye health evaluation, and if needed, prescription eyewear.

Eye exams are crucial to ensure children have normal, healthy vision so they can perform their best at school and home.