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Diabetic Retinopathy ExampleDiabetes is a condition that affects your whole body including your eyes. If your diabetes is not well controlled or if you were diagnosed with Type 1 diabetes you may have a higher risk of diabetic complications. Patients with diabetes also have a higher risk of visual loss.

Fluctuation in your blood sugar can cause blurred vision. If your blood sugar levels are elevated it causes your natural lens in your eye to swell which causes this blurriness. There may also be a more serious effect from your disease.

When blood sugar is not controlled, it can also cause many issues in your body including your eyes. Sometimes your Middlesex Eye Physicians ophthalmologist will see swelling in your retina or new blood vessel growth when they dilate your eyes. New abnormal blood vessel growth is called neovascularization. The abnormal growth of these blood vessels are fragile and weak and may tend to bleed. There are many diagnostic methods such as a fluorescein angiogram and Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) to enable our physicians to see the extent of the new growth. If treatment is needed, your Middlesex Eye Physicians ophthalmologist or optometrist will discuss further with you.

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Controlling your blood sugar with your Endocrinologist/primary care physician and visiting your ophthalmologist for a dilated eye exam are ways to control your diabetes and prevent vision issues.

It is important, when diagnosed with macular degeneration, that you visit your Middlesex Eye Physicians ophthalmologist for follow up care. In instances of long-standing diabetes, changes can occur on the back surface of the eye (retina), which can lead to swelling or bleeding.